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Some schematics of typical two- and three-phase separators are shown in horizontal and vertical orientations.
- 1 Horizontal two-phase separator
- 2 Horizontal double barrel two-phase separator
- 3 Horizontal three-phase separator
- 4 Vertical two-phase separator
- 5 Vertical three-phase separator
- 6 Central inlet separator
- 7 Dual-inlet, central-outlet separator
- 8 Two-stage, vertical scrubber
- 9 Single-stage cyclone scrubber
- 10 Gas/liquid cylindrical cyclone
- 11 Multitube cyclone inline separator
- 12 References
- 13 Noteworthy papers in OnePetro
- 14 External links
- 15 See also
- 16 Category
Horizontal two-phase separator
Figs. 1 and 2 illustrate two types of horizontal separators, as can be seen, a weir plate is installed to prevent the gas phase being carry-under to the liquid outlet, and well positioned liquid level to prevent the liquid carry-over from the gas outlet.
Horizontal double barrel two-phase separator
Figure 3 illustrates a horizontal double barrel two-phase separator, which is used for low liquid rates. A better quality of liquid stream can normally be expected, except for more difficulty and higher cost to build the vessel than the conventional vessel.
Horizontal three-phase separator
Figs. 4 through 6 illustrate different configurations of horizontal three-phase separators. Compared to the two-phase separator above, additional weir is introduced to control the oil/water interface
Vertical two-phase separator
Fig. 7 shows a vertical two-phase separator with inlet diverter and demister. The inlet stream gets into the vessel from inlet device. After separation, the liquid phase drops down to the vessel bottom while gas phase floats up to the vessel top
Vertical three-phase separator
Fig. 8 illustrates a vertical three-phase separator configured with inlet diverter and demister. After the inlet deverter, the separated gas flows up to the gas outlet, while the liquid phase (oil/water mixture) get into the liquid space through a down comer, where the oil/water are further separated and collected at the each outlet.
Central inlet separator
Fig. 9a is a schematic of a central inlet and dual outlet separator. This design is equivelent to combine two identical separators in parallel. Its main feature is to double the overall throughput at a reduced cost in manufacture, installation, and operation of the vessel.
Dual-inlet, central-outlet separator
Fig. 9b is a dual-inlet, central-outlet separator. The liquid level in the center of the vessel is generally constant. Hence, the liquid level changes because platform tilt does not really affect the operation of the devices in the center of the vessel.
Two-stage, vertical scrubber
Fig. 10a shows a two-stage, vertical scrubber with inlet diverter, mesh coalescer, and cyclone demisters. This unit has a high turndown capacity (that is, the ability to operate effectively at much less than the design capacity) and a small droplet capture range. The inlet diverter removes bulk liquids. At low rates, the mesh pad acts as a separator and removes the mist. At higher gas rates, the mesh acts as an agglomerator, coalescing small drops into larger ones. The larger drops are re-entrained but caught by the cyclone demisters. Typical turndown is ~8 to 10.
Single-stage cyclone scrubber
Fig. 10b is a single-stage cyclone scrubber for low liquid loading. The gas/liquid flows directly at the cyclones. This type of a scrubber is a compact unit with a three to five reduction in size and weight from a standard scrubber. Fig. 11 shows a schematic of a Gasunie cyclone separator. The separator is a stand-alone inlet cyclone in which the vessel shell itself is the outer wall of the cyclone. This separator is mainly used as a scrubber but can be applied for higher liquid loadings on the order of 10%v.
Gas/liquid cylindrical cyclone
A gas/liquid cylindrical cyclone (GLCC) is a very simple and inexpensive centrifugal separation device. (See Fig. 12) Rough separation is achieved under low- g conditions, the swirl being generated by the sloped tangential inlet. The slope helps keep the level down during small slug occurrence. It is often used for bulk separation in conjunction with well testing as shown. The streams are temporarily separated, measured and analyzed, then recombined. With this arrangement, no level control is necessary because the levels are maintained by hydraulic balance.
Multitube cyclone inline separator
A multitube cyclone inline separator, shown in Fig. 13, causes a wet gas flowstream to be divided between a number of cyclone tubes. As the gas stream enters a tube, it encounters a spin generator. The spin generator is a stationary device consisting of a hollow core and a radial arrangement of curved blades that divert the gas stream into a rotating flow pattern. In the tube downstream of the spin generator, liquid is separated from the gas by being slung out against the tube wall by centrifugal force. Near the end of each tube, the liquid film encounters a peripheral gap in the tube wall. This gap allows the liquid to be pulled out of the tube into the annular space around the tubes, where it falls to the bottom and is discharged under level control. The demisted gas stream continues through the tube, then recombines with that of the other tubes.
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Noteworthy papers in OnePetro
Hixson, J.C., Sheridan, E. and Ayling, I. 2013. Downhole Oil and Water Separation: A New Start. IPTC-16914-Abstract presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Beijing, China, 26-28 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2523/16914-ABSTRACT.
Kelamis, P.G., Huo, S.D., Luo, Y. and Zhu, W.H. 2013. Iterative Dip-Steering Median Filter: A New Approach to Separation of Simultaneous Sources. IPTC-17000-Abstract presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Beijing, China, 26-28 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2523/17000-ABSTRACT.
Davidson, E., Mota, L., Mosley, N., Chimara, G., Morrison, A.K. and Archibald, I. 2012. New and Effective Filter Cake Removal Optimizes Water Injectivity. SPE-151683-MS presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, 15-17 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151683-MS.
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