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Difference between revisions of "PEH:Oil Storage"

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{{Infobox Book
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<p><span class="fck_mw_template">{{Infobox BookfckLR|series = Petroleum Engineering HandbookfckLR|editor-in-chief = Larry W. LakefckLR|volume = Volume III – Facilities and Construction EngineeringfckLR|vol editor = Kenneth E. Arnold, EditorfckLR|date = 2006fckLR|publisher = Society of Petroleum EngineersfckLR|image = [[File:Vol3FCECover.png|center|120px]]fckLR|imagestyle = fckLR|chapter = Chapter 13 – Oil StoragefckLR|ch author = George H. Stilt, CB&amp;IfckLR|ch author info = fckLR|page numbers = 505-523fckLR|ISBN = 978-1-55563-118-5fckLR}}</span>
|series = Petroleum Engineering Handbook
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</p><p><span style="line-height: 18.9090900421143px;">Production, refining, and distribution of petroleum products require many different types and sizes of storage tanks. Small bolted or welded tanks might be ideal for production fields while larger, welded storage tanks are used in distribution terminals and refineries throughout the world.</span><br /><br /><span style="line-height: 18.9090900421143px;">Product operating conditions, storage capacities, and specific design issues can affect the tank selection process. This chapter discusses the types of storage tanks most commonly used with emphasis on welded construction. General guidelines are provided that aid in the selection of the correct tank.</span><br /><br /><span style="line-height: 18.9090900421143px;">References to various codes, standards, and recommended practices supplement the material provided in this chapter. Owners and operators should contact manufacturers directly for questions on specific design or operating issues for a particular type of storage tank.</span>
|editor-in-chief = Larry W. Lake
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</p><p><span style="line-height: 18.9090900421143px;"><span class="fck_mw_magic" _fck_mw_customtag="true" _fck_mw_tagname="TOC" _fck_mw_tagtype="c">_</span></span>
|volume = Volume III – Facilities and Construction Engineering
 
|vol editor = Kenneth E. Arnold, Editor
 
|date = 2006
 
|publisher = Society of Petroleum Engineers
 
|image = [[File:Vol3FCECover.png|center|120px]]
 
|imagestyle =  
 
|chapter = Chapter 13 – Oil Storage
 
|ch author = George H. Stilt, CB&I
 
|ch author info =  
 
|page numbers = 505-523
 
|ISBN = 978-1-55563-118-5
 
}}
 
 
 
<span style="line-height: 18.9090900421143px;">Production, refining, and distribution of petroleum products require many different types and sizes of storage tanks. Small bolted or welded tanks might be ideal for production fields while larger, welded storage tanks are used in distribution terminals and refineries throughout the world.</span><br/><br/><span style="line-height: 18.9090900421143px;">Product operating conditions, storage capacities, and specific design issues can affect the tank selection process. This chapter discusses the types of storage tanks most commonly used with emphasis on welded construction. General guidelines are provided that aid in the selection of the correct tank.</span><br/><br/><span style="line-height: 18.9090900421143px;">References to various codes, standards, and recommended practices supplement the material provided in this chapter. Owners and operators should contact manufacturers directly for questions on specific design or operating issues for a particular type of storage tank.</span>
 
 
 
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== Storage Tanks ==
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<h2> Storage Tanks </h2>
 
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=== Types of Storage Tanks ===
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<h3> Types of Storage Tanks </h3>
 
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<p>Storage tanks come in all sizes and shapes. Special applications might require tanks to be rectangular, in the form of horizontal cylinders, or even spherical in shape. Horizontal cylinders and spheres are generally used for full pressure storage of hydrocarbon or chemical products. For the purpose of this chapter, we focus on the atmospheric or low-pressure storage tank widely used from the production fields to the refinery.<br /><br />The most common shape used is the vertical, cylindrical storage tank. Gross capacities can range from 100 bbl to over 1.5 MMbbl in a single storage tank. Corresponding tank sizes range from approximately 10 ft in diameter to over 412 ft in diameter for some of the largest floating-roof tanks ever constructed.<br /><br /><b>Fig. 13.1</b>&#160;shows a 312-ft diameter floating-roof storage tank for crude oil storage at a large refinery. The photograph was taken during construction and shows the single deck, pontoon-style external floating roof.
Storage tanks come in all sizes and shapes. Special applications might require tanks to be rectangular, in the form of horizontal cylinders, or even spherical in shape. Horizontal cylinders and spheres are generally used for full pressure storage of hydrocarbon or chemical products. For the purpose of this chapter, we focus on the atmospheric or low-pressure storage tank widely used from the production fields to the refinery.<br/><br/>The most common shape used is the vertical, cylindrical storage tank. Gross capacities can range from 100 bbl to over 1.5 MMbbl in a single storage tank. Corresponding tank sizes range from approximately 10 ft in diameter to over 412 ft in diameter for some of the largest floating-roof tanks ever constructed.<br/><br/>'''Fig. 13.1'''&nbsp;shows a 312-ft diameter floating-roof storage tank for crude oil storage at a large refinery. The photograph was taken during construction and shows the single deck, pontoon-style external floating roof.
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Revision as of 10:47, 23 June 2015

Template:Infobox BookfckLR

Production, refining, and distribution of petroleum products require many different types and sizes of storage tanks. Small bolted or welded tanks might be ideal for production fields while larger, welded storage tanks are used in distribution terminals and refineries throughout the world.

Product operating conditions, storage capacities, and specific design issues can affect the tank selection process. This chapter discusses the types of storage tanks most commonly used with emphasis on welded construction. General guidelines are provided that aid in the selection of the correct tank.

References to various codes, standards, and recommended practices supplement the material provided in this chapter. Owners and operators should contact manufacturers directly for questions on specific design or operating issues for a particular type of storage tank.

_

Storage Tanks

Types of Storage Tanks

Storage tanks come in all sizes and shapes. Special applications might require tanks to be rectangular, in the form of horizontal cylinders, or even spherical in shape. Horizontal cylinders and spheres are generally used for full pressure storage of hydrocarbon or chemical products. For the purpose of this chapter, we focus on the atmospheric or low-pressure storage tank widely used from the production fields to the refinery.

The most common shape used is the vertical, cylindrical storage tank. Gross capacities can range from 100 bbl to over 1.5 MMbbl in a single storage tank. Corresponding tank sizes range from approximately 10 ft in diameter to over 412 ft in diameter for some of the largest floating-roof tanks ever constructed.

Fig. 13.1 shows a 312-ft diameter floating-roof storage tank for crude oil storage at a large refinery. The photograph was taken during construction and shows the single deck, pontoon-style external floating roof.