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== Storage Tanks ==
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Storage tanks that are properly designed, constructed, and maintained can provide 30 to 50 years of service.<br/><br/>Steel tanks should be kept clean and free from spilled oil or other material. They should be kept painted and all water or accumulated dirt should be removed from around the bottom edge of the tanks. Thief hatches and vent-line valves should be kept closed and inspected periodically for proper operation and gasket condition. Should any leaks occur, they may be repaired temporarily with lead sealing plugs or toggle bolts. These leaks should be repaired permanently as soon as possible.
</div></div><div class="toccolours mw-collapsible mw-collapsed">== General References ==<div class="mw-collapsible-content"><br/>Evaporative Loss Measurement. 1997. ''Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards'', Chap. 19, Sec. 2-E. Washington, DC: API. API RP12R1, Setting, Maintenance, Inspection, Operation, and Repair of Tanks in Production Service, fifth edition. 1997. Washington, DC: API. API RP575, Inspection of Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks, first edition. 1995. Washington, DC: API. API RP651, Cathodic Protection of Aboveground Petroleum Storage Tanks, second edition. 1997. Washington, DC: API. API RP652, Lining of Aboveground Petroleum Storage Tank Bottoms, first edition. 1991. Washington, DC: API. API RP2003, Protection Against Ignitions Arising Out of Static, Lightning, and Stray Currents, fifth edition. 1991. Washington, DC: API. API Spec. 12B, Bolted Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids, fourteenth edition. 1995. Washington, DC: API. API Spec. 12D, Field-Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids, tenth edition. 1994. Washington, DC: API. API Spec. 12F, Shop-Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids, eleventh edition. 1994. Washington, DC: API. API Standard 650, Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage, tenth edition. 1998. Washington, DC: API. API Standard 653, Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction, second edition. 1995. Washington, DC: API. API Standard 2000, Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks (Nonrefrigerated and Refrigerated), fifth edition. 1998. Washington, DC: API. API Standard 620, Design and Construction of Large, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks, tenth edition. 2002. Washington, DC: API. &ltnbsp;</div></div&gt;><div class="toccolours mw-collapsible mw-collapsed">== SI Metric Conversion Factors ==<div class="mw-collapsible-content">{||-| style="width: 33px;" | ºAPI| style="width: 82px;" | 141.5/131.5| style="width: 67px;" | ºAPI| style="width: 48px;" | =| style="width: 49px;" | g/cm<sup>3</sup>| style="width: 46px;" | <br/>|-| style="width: 33px;" | bbl| style="width: 82px;" | x| style="width: 67px;" | 1.589 873| style="width: 48px;" | E - 01| style="width: 49px;" | =| style="width: 46px;" | m<sup>3</sup>|-| style="width: 33px;" | ºF| style="width: 82px;" | <br/>| style="width: 67px;" | (F - 32)/1.8| style="width: 48px;" | <br/>| style="width: 49px;" | =| style="width: 46px;" | ºC|-| style="width: 33px;" | ft| style="width: 82px;" | x| style="width: 67px;" | 3.048*| style="width: 48px;" | E - 01| style="width: 49px;" | =| style="width: 46px;" | m|-| style="width: 33px;" | gal| style="width: 82px;" | x| style="width: 67px;" | 3.785 412| style="width: 48px;" | E - 03| style="width: 49px;" | =| style="width: 46px;" | m<sup>3</sup>|-| style="width: 33px;" | in.| style="width: 82px;" | x| style="width: 67px;" | 2.54*| style="width: 48px;" | E + 00| style="width: 49px;" | =| style="width: 46px;" | cm|-| style="width: 33px;" | in.<sup>3</sup>| style="width: 82px;" | x| style="width: 67px;" | 1.638 706| style="width: 48px;" | E + 01| style="width: 49px;" | =| style="width: 46px;" | cm<sup>3</sup>|-| style="width: 33px;" | psi| style="width: 82px;" | x| style="width: 67px;" | 6.894 757| style="width: 48px;" | E + 00| style="width: 49px;" | =| style="width: 46px;" | kPa|}  <nowiki>*</nowiki>Conversion factor is exact.</div></div>[[Category:PEH]] [[Category:Volume III – Facilities and Construction Engineering]] [[Category:4.1.9 Tanks and storage systems]]
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