Sandbox:Produced water discharge and disposal
Produced water is water or brine that often accompanies oil and gas that is extracted from underground reservoirs. The quantity of produced water increases as reservoirs mature, especially if secondary or tertiary recovery methods are used, and it often exceeds the volume of hydrocarbons in a reservoir. Produced water forms the oil and gas industry’s largest waste stream based on volume.
What is produced water?
Produced water disposal
Produced water treatment
Industry objectives for produced water treatment include meeting discharge regulations on local, state, and federal levels; reuse in E&P operations; agricultural use; rangeland restoration; animal drinking water; water for human consumption; and other miscellaneous beneficial uses.
Cost of produced water disposal
- Arthur, J.D., Langhus, B.G., Patel, C. Technical Summary of Oil & Gas Produced Water Treatment Technologies http://www.all-llc.com/publicdownloads/ALLConsulting-WaterTreatmentOptionsReport.pdf.