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Low permeability sandstone waterflood

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This page provides a reservoir management case study for a low-permeability sandstone field in which waterflooding techniques have been implemented.

Background and geological information

The reservoir is a series of Cretaceous-age, prograding delta clastic sediments consisting of laminated fine-grained sands and shales that are trapped stratigraphically by overlying shales. Reservoir averages are approximately:

  • 50 ft of gross pay
  • 15% porosity
  • 20 md permeability

Program used

The primary recovery mechanism was solution-gas drive. The field was converted to waterflood in 1961 with an inverted nine-spot injection pattern. Subsequently, a portion of the field was converted to line-drive water injection for improved sweep efficiency and increased water injection capacity.

Recovery performance

Under primary recovery, the field produced 5% of original oil in place (OOIP). Incremental recovery to date under waterflood has been an additional 17% of OOIP. An ultimate recovery efficiency of 26% of OOIP is forecast.

Field surveillance and management

Exploitation of the reservoir is focused currently on reperforating underperforming wells and infill drilling into portions of the reservoir that are shown to be poorly swept. Continuous rebalancing of water injection is proving effective in displacing oil from uncontacted layers.

Noteworthy papers in OnePetro

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External links

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See also

Reservoir management